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Gogu Education

The Russian Santa Claus is named Ded Moroz, or Father Frost. On New Year’s Eve, he places presents for children under the New Year tree (as opposed to a Christmas tree). He is accompanied by Snegurochka, a snow maiden said to be his granddaughter.

Christmas in Russia is most widely celebrated on January 7. This is because the Russian Orthodox Church adheres to the Julian calendar, which is 13 days behind the Gregorian calendar. Preceding the Russian Orthodox Christmas, New Year’s Day is on January 1 and is often considered the more important holiday.

Рождество – Christmas

Новый Год – New Year Eve

Старый Новый Год – The Old New Year or the Orthodox New Year is an informal traditional holiday, celebrated as the start of the New Year by the Julian calendar. In the 20th and 21st centuries, the Old New Year falls on January 14 in the Gregorian calendar.

Дед Мороз – Santa Claus

Снегу́рочка – The Snow Maiden

Подарок – Gift

Стишок – nursey rhymes, poem

Снеговик – Snowman

Санки – sleigh

Хоровод – Khorovod (a combination of a circle dance and chorus singing)

Рождественская ёлка (Новогодняя ёлка)- Christmas Tree

Звезда – Star

Свеча – Candle

Мишура – tinsel

Гирлянда – garland