The Romance languages are the modern languages that evolved from Vulgar Latin:
1 Spanish
2 Portuguese
3 French
4 Italian
5 Romanian
6 Catalan

The Germanic languages

1 German
2 English
3 Dutch
4 Danish
5 Swedish
6 Norwegian
7 Afrikaans 

The Slavic languages

1 Russian
2 Ukrainian
3 Belarusian
4 Bulgarian
5 Macedonian
6 Slovak
7 Slovene
8 Serbian
9 Polish
10 Czech

The Baltic languages


1 Lithuanian

2 Latvian

The Finno-Ugric languages

1 Hungarian
2 Finnish
3 Estonian

The Turkic languages

1 Turkish
2 Azerbaijani
3 Turkmen
4 Kazakh
5 Kyrgyz
6 Uzbek

The Afroasiatic languages

1 Arabic
2 Hebrew

The Hellenic languages

Greek

The Armenia languages

Armenian

The Caucasian languages

Georgian

The Sino-Tibetan languages

Chinese

The Koreanic languages

Korean

The Japonic languages

Japanese