A Ä B C D E F G H I J K L M N O Ö P Q R S ß T U Ü V W X Y Z

German alphabet has 26 letters, 3 German umlauts (Ä,Ö,Ü) and one ligature (ß). Some letters are pronounced very similar to the English pronunciation, but some others are a little different. All letters of the German alphabet have the same article: das. (das A, das B, das C, das D and so on). the ß is no longer used in Liechtenstein and Switzerland. Instead of the ß, an ss is written there. The five letters A, E, I, O and U of the German alphabet are called Vokale (vowels), the other letters are called Konsonanten (consonants) – for example: B, C, D,F, G, H..

German umlauts: ä, ö, ü

nächste (next)

die Käfer (the beetles)

der Bär/die Bären (bear/ the bears)

das Mädchen/die Mädchen ( the girl/girls)

der Apfel / die Äpfel (the apple / apples)

der Arzt / die Ärzte (the doctor / doctors)

der Garten / die Gärten (the garden / gardens)

die Hand / die Hände (the hand / hands)

die Nacht / die Nächte (the night / nights)

das Haus / die Häuser (the house / houses)

der Mann / die Männer (the man / men)

das Rad / die Räder (the wheel / wheels)

der Vater / die Väter (the father / fathers)

der Löwe/ die Löwen (the lion/lions)

der Vogel/die Vögel (the bird/ birds)

das Wort / die Wörter

das Loch / die Löcher

die Tochter / die Töchter

der Sohn / die Söhne

das Dorf / die Dörfer

der Kopf / die Köpfe

der Knopf / die Knöpfe

der Frosch / die Frösche

der Ton / die Töne

der Topf / die Töpfe

schön (beautiful, pretty, nice)

blöd (stupid)

mögen – mochte – möchte (like – liked – would like)

küssen (to kiss)

für (for)

Lüge (lie)

dünn (thin)

die Prüfung (the exam)

üben (to exercise)

der Fuß / die Füße (the foot / feet)

die Mutter / die Mütter (the mother / mothers)

der Stuhl / die Stühle (the chair / the chairs)

die Kuh / die Kühe (the cow / the cows)

das Buch / die Bücher (the book / the books)

der Flug / die Flüge (the flight / the flights)

der Bruder / die Brüder (the brother / the brothers)

die Nuss / die Nüsse (the nut / the nuts)

der Strumpf / die Strümpfe (the stocking / the stockings)

der Zug / die Züge (the train / the trains)

The German ligature ß, is also known as the “sharp S”, “eszett” or “scharfes S”, is the only German letter that is not part of the Latin alphabet. The letter is pronounced (like the “s” in “see”).

Süßen (sweet)

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German Alphabet

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